Islamic Terminology (B)

Bab Al-Raiyan

The name of one of the gates of Heavens (Jannah) through which the people who often observe sincere fasting will enter on the Day of Judgement. 


Site of the first great battle between Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the pagans of the Quraish in 2 A.H. Badr is located about 150 kilometers south of Madinah (Saudi Arabia). The Muslim army consisted of 313 men and the Quraish had a total of about 1,000 soldiers, archers and horsemen. It was in response to reports that the Pagans of Makkah had a plan to attack Madinah. The Muslims won with the hand of God and only suffered 17 casualties 

Baitul Mal 

An Islamic treasury intended for the benefit of the Muslims and the Islamic state and not for the leaders or the wealthy initiated by the great Caliph Umar

Baitul Maqdis

Al-Aqsa Mosque, the famous Mosque in Jerusalem. It was the site of worship for many of God's Prophets. It was the first Qiblah of Islam. Then God ordered Muslims to face the Ka'aba, at Makkah (Saudi Arabia). Baitul Maqdis is the third greatest Mosque in the Islamic world, the first being the Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah, and the second being the Masjid al-Nabawi in Madina (the Mosque of the Prophet (S.A.W.). It is from the surroundings of Baitul Maqdis that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) ascended to heaven. See Holy Quran, Al-Isra (17:1).


Another name for Makkah. See Holy Qur'an, Ale Imran (3:96). 

A cemetery in Madinah. Many of the Companions and family members of the Prophet (S.A.W.) are buried there. 


Literally means partition or barrier. In Islamic terminology it usually means the life in the grave, because the life in the grave is the purgatory between the life on earth and the life in the Hereafter. Life in the Barzakh is real, but very different from life as we know it. Its exact nature is known only to God. It is during our life in the Barzakh that we will be asked about our God, our faith and our Prophet. We will also be shown the place we will occupy after judgment in either Jannah (the Paradise) or the Nar (the Hell) 


Generally any pledging of allegiance. Mainly referring to the nomination of the Caliph by the Muslims, or the seconding of that nomination by the members of the UMMAH large; the covenant the first Muslims of Madinah entered into with the Prophet (SAAS), giving him their obedience, allegiance, protection)

Bismillaahir- Rahmaanir- Rahim

"In the name of the One God, the Source of Mercy, the especially Mericful." This utterance is usually made by every Muslim who is about to embark on something lawful (Halal), regardless of the magnitude of the task. This is also the first verse of Surah Al-Fatihah (Chapter 1) of the Holy Qur'an. 

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